Technology

“The Syn Tawa Biomass to Liquid Fuels Solution is the integration of the TRI Steam Reforming biomass gasification technology with the Emerging Fuels Fischer Tropsch liquid fuel production platform to produce drop in ready Renewable Diesel #2 from carbon based feedstock.”

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TRI is partnered with Southern Research Institute in a number of technologies and Southern Research also provides contract operations and analytics for TRI’s pilot plant at Southern Research’s Carbon to Liquids (C2L) Research Facility in Durham, NC.
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TRI Steam Reforming Gasification Process

Industry analysts believe the thermochemical process is the only currently available integrated biorefinery technology that can process multiple feedstocks, be built on varying scales, achieve high-conversion efficiencies and be rapidly replicated.
Gasification is a thermochemical process that converts any carbon-containing material into a synthesis gas (“syngas”) that can be used as a feedstock:

  • to make value-added biofuels and biochemical,
  • as a fuel for combined cycle power generation, or
  • as a replacement for fossil fuels including coal, fuel oil and natural gas.

The biomass feedstock reacts in the TRI steam reforming with steam and heat in a reducing (oxygen-starved) atmosphere to produce syngas made up primarily of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and smaller quantities of methane and other hydrocarbons.

TRI’s indirectly heated steam reforming process utilizes modular pulse combustion heaters (see PC Heater animation) in a steam-driven bubbling fluidized bed vessel (see TRI Steam Reformer animation). Heat required to achieve reformer operating temperature and for the endothermic steam-reforming reactions is supplied by pulse heaters which are immersed in the fluidized bed.

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Carbon Solutions Group_RFS2_Letter_07/11/2012

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The fuel produced will qualify as “Biodiesel”, “Advanced Biofuel” and “Cellulosic Biofuel” under the EPA’s Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2), meaning it meets the stringent specifications for carbon emission reductions.

Syngas Application

CSG_RFS2_Letter_07/11/2012

CSG_RFS2_Letter_07/11/2012

Snow-white paraffin wax and water-clear Fischer-Tropsch liquid, shown exactly as they are produced by the TRI facility, i.e. no additional upgrading

Snow-white paraffin wax and water-clear Fischer-Tropsch liquid, shown exactly as they are produced by the TRI facility, i.e. no additional upgrading

TRI successfully completed the upgrading of the Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) liquids it produced from 100% woody biomass. The upgrading work showed that the biomass-derived F-T product from the pilot plant in Durham, North Carolina could successfully be upgraded to diesel and jet blend fuel, meeting both local and international specifications.

TRI successfully completed the upgrading of the Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) liquids it produced from 100% woody biomass. The upgrading work showed that the biomass-derived F-T product from the pilot plant in Durham, North Carolina could successfully be upgraded to diesel and jet blend fuel, meeting both local and international specifications.


DOE cites TRI’s technology as proven and ready to go to market.  This very important accomplishment supports the demonstration of TRI’s technology in providing renewable, strategically sourced fuels for the U.S. Department of Defense.

DOE cites TRI’s technology as proven and ready to go to market. This very important accomplishment supports the demonstration of TRI’s technology in providing renewable, strategically sourced fuels for the U.S. Department of Defense.